Luxembourg City: Cultural Highlights in the centre of Europe
One cultural highlight follows another in Luxembourg City. Despite the country's tranquil size in European comparison, the small country in the heart of Europe has a lot to offer. The capital is home to 20 percent of the 600,000 inhabitants. The cosmopolitan yet manageable city lives from its history. Thanks to its turbulent history, numerous cultural treasures invite visitors to an extensive visit to Luxembourg. The city is characterized by European military architecture and was already under Italian, Spanish, Belgian, French, Austrian and Prussian influence. The charming old town was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 and welcomes tourists on a discovery tour of Luxembourg.
5 must-sees in Luxembourg City
Due to the large selection of attractions, the choice is not easy. However, especially five attractions are an absolute must for a visit to Luxembourg City.
The Grand-Ducal Palace
The Palace Grand-Ducal is located in the romantic old town. The friendly bright buildings of the historic quarter are UNESCO World Heritage Sites and combine medieval charm with modern style. The Palais Grand-Ducal was built at the end of the 16th century and served as the seat of Luxembourg's government for a long time. After an extensive reconstruction in the 19th century, the Palace became the official residence of the Grand Duke. The palace can be visited during the summer months of July and August. Further information HERE.
The Gëlle woman (Place de Constitution)
In the middle of the Place de la Constitution is the Monument du Souvenir. This monument is only called "Gëlle Frau" by Luxemburgers and is one of the most important monuments of the city. Once made by the Luxembourgian sculptor Claus Cito, the bronze statue is now a memorial to the First World War. The 21-metre-high Golden Lady is reminiscent of the Luxembourgers who died in the war and fought for the armies of France and Belgium. The Place de Constitution offers a beautiful view of the picturesque surroundings of the Petruss Valley and the Adolphe Bridge.
The Luxembourg Fortress
While the fortress of Luxembourg stretched over almost 180 hectares from the 16th to the 19th century, today only about 10 percent of the complex is visible. However, these are well preserved and belong to the UNESCO world heritage. The fortress itself has some special features for visitors. Especially the Casemates du Bock are well known. The caves were carved into the rocks in the 17th century, when the Spanish ruled the city. In the First and Second World Wars, the caves served as protection from attacks and offered protection to over 30,000 Luxembourgers. The Chemin de la Corniche is also located on the rocks of the fortress and is known as the most beautiful balcony in Europe. It offers a fantastic view of the valley with its idyllic houses surrounded by the river Alzette.
The Fort Thüngen
North of the old town, a narrow path between trees leads up a hill and ends at Fort Thüngen, called Dräi Eechelen in Luxembourg. Already from the hill there is a magnificent view over Luxembourg, the casemates and the viaduct. Built in the 18th century, the fort was surrounded by a deep ditch. Between 1870 and 1874, the fort was destroyed except for the three round towers and only reconstructed at the end of the 20th century. Today it is possible to explore the ruins of the fortress.
The Musée d'Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean
In Luxembourg City, art lovers will find a unique exhibition of world-famous artists from the surrounding countries in the MUDAM, the Musée d'Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean. In addition to art, photos, design constructions, graphics and architecture are on display. Since 2006, the museum has welcomed guests from all over the world year after year with changing exhibitions and presents the modern side of Luxembourg. Further information about the museum HERE.
The Romantik Hotel Bel-Air Sport & Wellness is located only half an hour from Luxembourg City. The hotel is located in the heart of Luxembourg's little Switzerland in an idyllic park with its own water source. The hotel's own SPA invites guests to enjoy a relaxing stay. The Romantik Hotel spoils its guests with Luxembourgian specialities in the Brasserie "Les Terrasses Fleuries" and in the restaurant "Les Jardins Gourmands" with modern cuisine and French flair.